In response to Travis’ last question… it is absolutely fair/honest to only take into account the students retake. This last test defines how much the student knows. Suppose you got a new job. You wouldn’t want your pay to be set based on your performance the first day. As you get more proficient your pays goes up. Same thing for grades. Another example is of a student doing track and field. Suppose the run the mile in 6 minutes the first time, 5 minutes the second time, and 4 minutes the last time. What time would they get? Obviously they would go on the score sheet as having ran it in 4 minutes. We would never average their time to 5 minutes; same thing for grades. If a students test consists entirely of knowing their 5’s multiplication family and they get them all right the second time they shouldn’t get anything other than 100% in the grade book. You might give them other consequences for not doing it on time, but that can’t ethically affect their grade.