To show a student’s progress, some schools I know of separate columns on the report card. Each subject shows an effort score, an academic score, and the final column shows the “grade,” which counts the effort as 1/4 and academic as 3/4. Everyone can tell at a glance what the academic score actually is–what the student achieved on his work, tests, and projects. The effort reveals how the student applied himself.
Using this method requires the teacher to give/record some effort scores throughout the quarter, and not just wait until report card time to evaluate a student’s effort. Sometimes on a daily assignment, only an effort score is reported. They can be recorded and averaged in number form, with 1 being D-, 2 D….11 A and 12 A+.
Effort includes neatness, punctuality, following directions, applying oneself, etc. Many students do not apply themselves equally well across the subjects, depending on their interests.