Here are some suggestions for you! There are different types of ADHD and the needs of each student and situation vary, but this is a starting place. And by the way, these things can help all students, not just those with ADHD. 🙂
- Give the child a list of the tasks that he needs to accomplish each day and teach him to use it as a reference point/reminder when he forgets what to do next. Teach him to cross each thing off as it is completed. I have used this for both morning routine and seatwork/class assignments. If the child is not reading yet, you could use pictures!
- Break large assignments into smaller chunks that look more manageable.
- Keep rules and procedures simple, clear, and consistent. Follow the same routine every day.
- Try short-term positive reinforcement. Long-term goals/rewards do not usually mean nearly as much as immediate feedback.
- If the issues seem abundant and overwhelming, pick 1 specific thing to work on during 1 specific period of time. Try to track his progress- this will help you know if he is doing better or not! For example, if you choose to focus on raising his hand vs. calling out, you could keep a tally of the number of times he does it incorrectly or correctly in math class. Reward him for improvement (can be just verbal!), even if his behavior is not where you wish it would be. And then if he consistently is doing better with this one thing, you can start focusing on something else!
- Try a “wobble-seat!” They help some students sit better because they can wiggle a little bit without being noticeable and it takes more energy to sit on them because they have to balance themselves. 🙂 Some students love them and others do not. I have a few in my classroom that students may use if they wish. https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B007LX6MPG/ref=oh_aui_bia_detailpage_o04_s00?ie=UTF8&psc=1
- Communicate with parents!! Tell them what you’re noticing at school and what you’re working on. Ask how he does with those kinds of things at home and if there are things that they have tried that have helped! Build a relationship early on. Parents have an incredible amount of insight to offer.
I wish you the best! 🙂