Before the students enter on the first day you will want to know what routines and procedures you want to see in your classroom. Routines are the things you do everyday and how you do them. Efficient routines work for the teacher and help keep life in the classroom from chaos. Routines will develop on their own but they may not be the routines you want to see. Take the time now to decide on how you want things to be done.
Sit down with a paper and pencil and list every type of routine you think you may need. Start with what the students do when they enter your classroom and go through the day. Then decide how you want each activity to be done and write out how you want it to be accomplished.
Take into consideration the age of the students you are teaching. Younger students generally need more defined routines than older students. However, don’t fall into the trap of thinking that older students need no routines. They will establish their own and it might not be what you expect.
Think about the message you are sending to students. Classroom routines should fit an atmosphere of learning, stability, and focus. A classroom is not a playroom or a living room.
Consider procedures and routines for the following.
Routines and procedures are not rules. They are mechanical parts of classroom organization that make the day proceed efficiently. However, one of your rules might be to follow classroom procedures and routines.
Procedures are useless unless they become routine. On the first day of school, or when the new students encounter a procedure you will need to communicate what you expect to your students. To teach procedures to your students you will want to explain, model, and practice.
Tell your students what you expect. Be pleasant. Let them know that these routines will make the school day more pleasurable for them all, and they will increase each child’s ability to learn. Explain the rationale behind the procedure if necessary.
On the first trip down the school hall as a class, let students know what you want them to do, “We will walk quietly in a line on the right side of the hall.” (For beginning first graders, I might put some play into this by having them pretend they are little ducks or tiny mice.) Why might we want to walk quietly? There are other classes studying and we don’t want to disturb them.
Show your students what you expect. This is especially needful for more complicated routines. Walk down the hall in front of the line. Show students on which side of the hall you want them to walk.
As you walk down the hall, Student A may whisper to Student B. Matter-of-factly, turn the class around and start over. If it happens again, start over again. The key to this is that you stay calm and pleasant as you practice as many times as needed.
And then continue to be consistent. Routines will fall apart if the teacher isn’t consistent. Practice routines again if necessary. If a student continues to flaunt a routine, refer to the rule about following routines and procedures and deal with the behavior accordingly.
Can you change the routine or procedure you wish to see? Yes, if what you’ve planned isn’t doing what you want it to do find a new routine. But make it clear that the routine has changed and let students know what you expect of them.
Make the habits of your classroom work for you. You will find it rewarding and restful!
Read part one of this series: Setting the Tone: Classroom Walls